CERTIFICATE OF INCORPORATION (1937)
The following is a copy of the original "Certificate
of Incorporation" of the Pioneer Fund. An archival copy of
this certificate can be obtained from Harry Laughlin Papers, Folder
labeled, "Pioneer Foundation," North East Missouri State
University, Kirskville, MO.
In a memo from the Pioneer Fund dated 15 November
1989 to University of Delaware President, Trabant, we read: "The
Pioneer charter was drafted in 1937 by Henry R. Guild of the respected
Boston law firm of Herrick, Smith, Donald, Farley & Ketchum.
The original charter used the phrase "human race" and
the phrase "race betterment" in the same sentence. Mr.
Guild informed the Fund that his understanding was that these
terms were synonymous, and both referred to the human race. To
avoid charges that the words had some other and sinister meaning,
the present board of trustees amended the charter in 1985 and
inserted the word "human" before the phrase "race
betterment" in the second part of the sentence, even though
it was redundant.
At the same time the word "white" was
eliminated from the precatory provisions of the charter authorizing
scholarships, in order to avoid more charges. In any case, the
charter provision is moot, since no scholarships have ever been
given under the provision, before or after the amendment."
It should be noted that one of the first proposals
for a Pioneer Funded study was submitted to the Board of Trustees
of the Pioneer Fund on June 1, 1937. The "Proposed Plans
for a Study of the Family Life of Army Aviators." The proposal
reads as follows:
Plans for a Study of the Family Life of Army Aviators
My [John C. Flanagan] understanding is that the
fundamental purpose for which the Pioneer fund was created is
the improvement of the human race. The general method chosen to
further this end is to secure an increase in the birth rate among
superior groups. The specific group which was selected for preliminary
investigation of suitable methods of increasing the birth rate
was the United States Army Air Corps [African Americans were barred
from the Army Air Corp until World War II].
The data sheet which was intended to gather information
for this project, asked the Junior officers and their wives for
their "Race Descent (Name the four principal racial stocks
with portion or approximate portions of blood from each)."
CERTIFICATE OF INCORPORATION
THE PIONEER FUND, INC.
Pursuant to the Membership Corporations
WE, THE UNDERSIGNED, for the purpose of forming
a membership corporation pursuant to the Membership Corporations
Law or the State or New York, hereby certify:
1. The name of the proposed corporation is THE
PIONEER FUND, INC.
2. The purposes for which it is to be formed are:
To acquire money, securities, or other property,
real or personal, by gift, legacy, or otherwise, including the
right to receive the income or principal of any property, legacy
or devise given by will or otherwise in trust to pay the principal
or income to this Corporation; and to hold, invest, use, and dispose
of the principal and income of the same for any one or more of
the following charitable purposes:
A. To provide or aid in providing for the education
of children or parents deemed to have such qualities and traits
of character as to make such parents of unusual value as citizens,
and, in the case of children or such parents whose means are inadequate
therefor, to provide financial aid for the support, training,
and start in life of such children.
The children selected for such aid shall be children
of parents who are citizens of the United States, and in selecting
such children, unless the directors deem it inadvisable, consideration
shall be especially given to children who are deemed to be descended
predominantly from white persons who settled in the original thirteen
states prior to the adoption of the Constitution of the united
states and/or from related stocks, or to classes of children the
majority of whom are deemed to be so descended.
Subject to the requirement that the corporation
shall be administered for strictly charitable objects, and in
so far as it may be found practicable so to do, the foregoing
purposes shall be carried out in such manner as to give assurance
to parents of the character described that their children shall
not lack an adequate education or start in life and thus to encourage
an increase in the number at children or such parents, and in
so far as the qualities and traits of such parents are inherited.,
to aid in improving the character of the people of the United
B. To conduct or aid in conducting study and research
into the problems of heredity and eugenics in the human race generally
and such study and such research in respect to animals and plants
as may throw light upon heredity in man, and to conduct or aid
in conducting research and study into the problems of race betterment
with special reference to the people of the United States, and
for the advance of knowledge and the dissemination of information
with respect to any studies so made or in general with respect
to heredity and eugenics.
The corporation is not organized for pecuniary
profit and shall not engage in any activities for pecuniary profit,
and no officer director, of member, or employee of the corporation
stall receive any pecuniary profit from the operations thereof
except reasonable compensation for services in effecting or carrying
out one or more or its activities or as a proper beneficiary of
its strictly charitable purposes. Any and all property acquired
by the corporation shall be held, used, and disposed of for charitable
purposes only and the above stated specific purpose shall be interpreted
in a manner consistent with this intention.
3. Its operations are to be conducted principally
in the territory comprising the continental United States, including
the District of Columbia.
4. Its office is to be located in the city, County
and State of Now York.
5. The number of its directors shall be not less
than 3 nor more than 9.
6. The names and residences of the directors until
the first annual meeting are:
Wickliffe Preston Draper 322 East 57th
New York City, N.Y.
Harry H. Laughlin Cold Spring Harbor,
Long Island, N.Y.
Malcolm Donald 638 Blue Hill Avenue
Frederick Henry Osborn Garrison-on-Hudson
7. All of the subscribers to this certificate
are of full age; at least two-thirds of them are citizens of the
United States; at least one of them is a resident of the State
of New York. Of the persons named as directors, at least one is
a citizen of the United States and a resident of the State of
IN WITNESS WHEREOF, we have made, subscribed,
and acknowledged this certificate as of this 27th day of February,
Wickliffe Preston Draper
Harry H. Laughlin
Frederick Henry Osborn
Vincent K. Smalley
From the ISAR Archives Files. Posted Feb.