May, "Rich New Yorker Trying to Prove Negroes Inferior," The
Capital Times (Madison, Wisconsin 5 March 1960) p. 1; 20.
Harry Weyher, at the time of this article was serving as Wycliffe
Draper's lawyer and spokesperson for the Pioneer Fund. He is today
President of the Pioneer Fund. His name was mispelled in the original
article as "Wehyer." We have corrected this misspelling throughout
the article. Draper's first name is spelled both as Wickliffe
and Wycliffe. The Pioneer Fund's own website spells his name Wickliffe.
However, since both spellings appear often in the record, We have
not chosen to change it here.
-- Richard Arens, staff director of the House Committee on Un-American
Activities, serves as a paid consultant on research grants given
by a wealthy New Yorker trying to prove Negroes genetically inferior.
has conceded to newsmen that he assists multi-millionaire Wycliffe
Draper of Manhattan, in making grants to researchers and writers
in the fields of genetics and immigration. Such gifts have been
made in the last few years on the advice of himself and others,
wants American Negroes to be resettled in emerging African republics
because as a race he considers them undesirable in this country,
persons who have dealt with him report.
evidence through research to prove that his ideas are correct
and feasible according to these persons.
Chairman Francis E. Walter (D-Pa.) was informed by a newsman of
Arens' association with Draper more than a week ago, and said
the news caused him concern. He indicated that he was aware of
some kind of Arens-Draper relationship, but had not understood
the chairman appeared agitated, he did not press his visitor for
details or for the sources of the information. Before he could
be told of the grants, he said he had developed a plan himself
for Draper to finance -- a plan involving the improvement of African
universities to promote stability in native governments.
the interview, Walter has made no public move concerning Arens'
association. Instead, the chairman has worked more closely than
ever with his aide as they jointly defended an Air force manual
charging Protestant clergymen with Communist leanings.
interview with newsmen several weks (sic!) ago, Arens conceded
that he serves as a Draper consultant channeling funds for research
into certain aspects of "genetics and immigration." But he would
not explain the aspects.
he sees nothing wrong with his activity, but refused to describe
the research project or list the recipients.
role is only to "recommend" projects, subject to later approval
by a committee, he said. But he would not name the persons who
compose the committee.
found a similar reticence at every turn in his inquiry.
himself would not even discuss his grants when reached by telephone.
he curtly advised the caller to seek information from Harry Weyher,
a New York lawyer, and gave Weyher's number.
indicated in a telephone conversation that two, not one, committee
made awards of Draper funds and that Arens serves as a paid consultant
only to one. Arens gets only a small amount for his duties, Weyher
To Eastland Committee
Disclosure of two committees seemed to be inadvertent, made evident
by a reference to Sen. James Eastland (D-Miss) as being connected
with "the other one."
hesitated and stammered when asked for personal data about his
a few hints were dropped by Arens when he described Draper as
a rich "recluse" who seldom leaves his apartment, shuns public
appearances and on occasion, even affects poor hearing as an excuse
for hanging up on associates who telephone. He is in his seventies,
Arens said, and seems to be physically energetic.
sources indicate Draper holds a degree from Harvard University
and is a bachelor or widower. His sumptuously furnished apartment
is described as decorated with trophies of African hunts.
leading geneticists have heard of Draper, and a number have been
approached by him for acceptance of funds for special research.
After learning his interests, most have refused the money.
experience was that of Dr. L. D. Dunn, of the Zoology Department
of Columbia University:
he first came to me, he introduced himself as a bachelor who had
the responsibility of disposing of inherited wealth in ways to
benefit society and wished to prepare himself by learning about
took dinner at the Harvard Club and his first remark about the
waiter (a Negro) apprised me of the nature of his interest in
human heredity. I don't believe he made any offer of support but
left the impression that what interested him was evidence of race
inequalities. I bid him goodbye after dinner..."
In 'Bombastic Fashion'
leading geneticist wrote to a reporter:
he (Draper) is a very large man... He approaches the laboratories
in a bombastic fashion and I am sure that it is very difficult
to get money out of him which one could use an (sic!) any way
that would seem sensible to them.
my knowledge, two laboratories played along with him and took
his money which, as far as I know, they spent without any particular
repercussions from him. Accepting the money in those two cases,
I am sure, was done with tongue in cheek.
not recall that Mr. Draper offered us a specific amount ... He
did not really know any genetics himself and was a racist of the
usual type. He wished to prove simply that Negroes were inferior
to other people and wished to promote some program to send them
all to Africa.
we were perhaps less opportunistic than the other two laboratories,
which I have mentioned, we merely told him that his ideas were
a lot of nonsense and certainly would not work, so our contacts
ended without any further exchange. "
which is a perfectly sensible science, is always getting saddled
with... paranoid individuals and regardless of how explicit and
elaborate your attempt to disassociate such people from the science
of genetics, the general public will forget your qualifying statements
and only remember the correlation between these ... individuals
and the science which attempts to repulse them, but gets blamed
for them, instead."
Reed, director of the Dight Institute of Human Genetics of the
University of Minnesota, had several contacts with Draper. He
far as I could tell he thought the country would be better off
without Negroes and thought that the ideas current immediately
after the Civil War of repatriating the Negroes to Africa as was
done with the Liberia experiment, could be resumed on a larger
scale and would be successful.
this seemed to be completely foolish to me, I did not go into
the question of whether it was a either desirable or undesirable
but merely told him that I did not think it was a sensible project.
never considered it to be completely honest to accept money when
you have no intention of using it the way the donor had in mind."
geneticist at an Ivy League college wrote:
impression was strong that he was a racist and a radical eugenicist
who believed that inferior people ought to be sterilized."
Bruce Wallace, now of the Department of Plant breeding, Cornell
University, Itaca, (sic!) N.Y., served as a private teacher in
genetics to Draper in New York City some years ago. Wallace wrote:
of my opinions of Mr. Draper, it is true that he holds views which
I find distasteful."
a number of sources, including Arens, it seems clear that the
consultants and two committees to suggest and approve recipients
were set up to forestall further rebuffs from scientists who turned
down Draper's offers.
has been investigating security and immigration problems and "un-American
activities" for congressional committees for 14 years, beginning
with the Senate Internal Security Committee
On 'Patriotic' Projects
that Draper gives money to various recipients, including "patriotic"
organizations fighting Communism. The wealthy man, heir to a Massachusetts
textile-machinery fortune, was first introduced to the political
scene by the late Sen. Pat McCarran (D-Nev). This was verified
by a friend of the late senator, who was chairman of the Senate
Internal Security Committee, for which Arens worked.
staff director said that he has advised the expenditure of money
on "patriotic" projects not only for Draper, but also for H.L.
Hunt, wealthy Texas oilman, and for Smith Richardson, North Carolina
manufacturer of Vicks medications.
described Hunt as somewhat eccentric and said the Texan, who has
given money to right wing publications and to such senators as
the late Sen. Joseph McCarthy (R-Wis), once came to him seeking
possible recipients of grants. The two had lunch near the Capital,
Arens said, and afterwards he was suprised (sic!) that Hunt did
not pick up the check, but out waited Arens, who paid the modest
amount. but the meeting was successful, Arens said, and Hunt offered
him a job as an adviser.
he has been approached by other wealthy men seeking ways to make
said he does not intend to investigate racist or hate groups because
they are isolated and unimportant.
extended interview, in which he cautioned he was not to be directed
quoted, he made an emotional defense of the late Sen. McCarthy,
who, he said, was destroyed by left-wingers.
it was recalled, is the author of with Rep. Walter of the McCarrran-Walter
immigration act, which sought to retain the racial balance in
America that existed at an early period of the nation's history.
told a reporter that he has long been interested in immigration
and in African affairs. He said that in connection with the proposed
Draper grant to African universities he had visited the University
of Dakar in western Africa, to discuss with university officials
their teaching of government administration. He said that he understood
that Draper believed, as he did, that Africans should learn to
administer the new republics well.
Draper wants to set up a chair of government in an African university,"
he said. "I thought that the University of Dakar, or the one at
Mali, in Senegal, might be possible."
any direct contact with Draper, but would not disclose how he
know of Draper's interest.
Interested In Grants
identified as an administrator of Draper grants, stated that he
was "uncertain about the details." He said his law firm handles
a number of foundations in similar fashion.
he conceded that Rep. Walter and Sen. Eastland are interested
in the giving of Draper grants. He said the two committees made
the final decisions, but he could not reveal who serves on them
now, or has served on them.
explained that Draper money, dispensed through both committees,
pays for "research into genetic and blood-type" science and on
"isolysin." This is a substance developed by blood serum capable
of liberating hemoglobin from red corpuscles in blood of different
animals and of humans. It is an important factor in blood banks
and blood transfusions, since isolysin of one type of blood may
have harmful effects when given to a person with another type.
New York lawyer said that Draper grants have also gone for studies
of population problems. Most of the money goes to researches in
the South, he said.
a clue dropped by Weyher, a reporter telephoned Dr. Joseph Walter
Brouillette, Sr., at Louisana State University. He is the director
of general extension teaching.
Brouillette acknowledged that he is connected with Draper funds,
but would not say how. He said no one involved would talk except
professor described Weyher as conversant with all the details,
and refused "to say yes or no" when asked if he serves on a committee
with Sen. Eastland. he termed himself a "consultant" to Draper,
an activity which "is only a small part of my work."
first heard of Draper last year when Dr. Anthony Bouscaren resigned
a political science professorship at Marquette University, in
Milwaukee, in a dispute with university authorities over his acceptance
of Draper grants.
said Draper had paid him to study immigration, and also security
measures to keep out of America diplomats from Communist nations,
and even tourists who "probably would, after entry, engage in
subversive activities" or "whose entry would be prejudicial to
the interests of the United States."
foreword to a 1959 book, he thanked Arens for unspecified assistance.
Arens and Dr. Bouscaren have appeared together on programs of
the Christian anti-Communist Crusade and similar groups. The staff
director said he had hired Bouscaren as a "consultant" to the
told newsmen that his job was always "insecure" because of enemies,
but that he would fight any attempt to fire him. Such a move,
he said, would bring "thousands of signatures from the crossroads
of America" affixed to petitions demanding his retention. He said
"patriots" would know that Communists and pro-Communists were
behind any effort to oust or embarrass him.
he has a free hand with committee activity and laughingly showed
reporters a speech that Walter would give, but which he said he
had written himself and had not yet shown to Walter.
while disclaiming intimate knowledge of Draper grants, referred
the caller to Henry Guild Sr., a Boston lawyer, whom Weyher said
had set up the trust agreement. But Guild was not available and
an assistant, John Woolsey, said he know little the matter.
Eastland said he could not remember having had any connection
May, Ron. "Rich New Yorker trying to prove negroes inferior." Capital Times. 5 Mar. 1960: 1, 20.